Jussi Parikka (University of Southampton, Winchester School of Art) just uploaded a paper on Academia.edu:

“History of Computers”
by Jussi Parikka

A short entry in the reference volume “The Johns Hopkins Guide to Digital Media” (eds. Ryan, Emerson, Robertson) on history of computers and methodologies how to investigate that history, also by way of media archaeology.

https://www.academia.edu/11771893/_History_of_Computers_